投稿中心

审稿中心

编辑中心

期刊出版

网站地图

友情链接

引用本文:郑维发,曾昭琪.淡水蓝藻的高温适应.湖泊科学,1994,6(4):356-363. DOI:10.18307/1994.0409
Zheng Weifa,Tsing Chao-tsi.High temperature adaptation of fresh water cyanobacterium. J. Lake Sci.1994,6(4):356-363. DOI:10.18307/1994.0409
【打印本页】   【HTML】   【下载PDF全文】   查看/发表评论  【EndNote】   【RefMan】   【BibTex】
←前一篇|后一篇→ 过刊浏览    高级检索
本文已被:浏览 4419次   下载 1971 本文二维码信息
码上扫一扫!
分享到: 微信 更多
淡水蓝藻的高温适应
郑维发, 曾昭琪
南京大学生物科学与技术系, 南京210093
摘要:
本文在有关文献的基础上综合分析了淡水蓝藻对高温的适应,并对淡水蓝藻高温适应机制提出了几种看法。生长在高温中的淡水蓝藻有这样一些特点:(1)不同种类对高温的适应机制稍有不同;(2)类囊体膜具有较高的稳定性;(3)藻体在受热时产生热休克蛋白以保护细胞内的酶免于热变性;(4)光合作用系统具有热稳定性;(5)DNA具有热稳定性;(6)蛋白质的合成系统具有热稳定性。其中DNA和光合作用系统的热稳定性起着关键的作用,热休克蛋白的产生和类囊体膜中脂肪酸的饱和程度是在基因水平上调控的。
关键词:  淡水蓝藻  高温适应
DOI:10.18307/1994.0409
分类号:
基金项目:江苏省科委自然科学基金资助项目(HX9303)
High temperature adaptation of fresh water cyanobacterium
Zheng Weifa, Tsing Chao-tsi
Zeng ZhaoqiDepartment of Bilolgical Science and Techaology, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210093
Abstract:
The high temperature adaptation of some fresh water cyanobacteria is discussed in this paper.Six possible mechanisms for adaptation of these fresh water cyanobacteria to the high temperature have been proposed on the basis of correlating references, i.e.(1) different species of fresh water cyanobacteria have slightly different morphonogical adaptations; (2) the thylakiod membrane of these fresh water cyanobacteria has a higher thermostability; (3) these fresh water cyanobacteria produce heat shock proteins when they are in heat stress in case the enzymes are denatured; (4) the photosystem of these fresh water cyanobacteria has a higher thermostability; (5) the thermostability of DNA of these fresh water cyanobacteria plays a key part during the process of metabolism; (6) there exists a stable protein synthesizing system in these fresh water cyanobacteria.The adaptation for these fresh water cyanobcteria under high temperature is due to the coordination of the factors mentioned above, among which the thermostability of DNA and protein synthesizing system, the gene manipulation play an insubstitutable role during temperature variation from the lower growth limits to the higher ones.
Key words:  Fresh water cyanobacteria  high temperature adaptation
分享按钮