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引用本文:李元芳,李炳元,王国,李世杰,朱照宇.西昆仑甜水海古湖泊介形类及其环境意义.湖泊科学,1997,9(3):223-230. DOI:10.18307/1997.0305
Li Yuanfang,Li Bingyuan,Wang Guo,Li Shijie,Zhu Zhaoyu.Ostracoda and its environmental significance at the ancient Tianshuihai Lake of the West Kunlun. J. Lake Sci.1997,9(3):223-230. DOI:10.18307/1997.0305
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西昆仑甜水海古湖泊介形类及其环境意义
李元芳1, 李炳元1, 王国1, 李世杰2, 朱照宇3
1.中国科学院, 国家计划委员会地理研究所, 北京 100101;2.中国科学院南京地理与湖泊研究所, 南京 210008;3.中国科学院广州地球化学研究所, 广州 510640
摘要:
为探讨青藏高原演化过程,在高原西北部甜水海湖盆地区进行了钻探,井深56.32m,对所获取的岩芯做了介形类分析,共发现介形类8属10种,按照介形类生态及在钻孔中的分布特征,将其划分成5个不同的化石组合。根据介形类种类和组合所提供的环境信息,并结合沉积特征和年代学研究,可将24万年以来的甜水海古湖泊演化分为6个阶段:前4段(242-59kaBP)甜水海地区为淡水湖泊与河流交替变化的环境,第5段(59-25kaBP)本区为相对较暖的淡水湖环境,第6段(25-17kaBP)其早期(22kaBP以前)仍为淡水至微咸盐湖环境,以后气候开始变干,至19kaBP时迅速变干,致使古甜水海成为半咸水湖甚至盐湖,至17kaBP时甜水海附近的古湖开始消失。
关键词:  甜水海  古湖泊  介形类  古环境
DOI:10.18307/1997.0305
分类号:
基金项目:"八五"国家攀登计划项目"青藏高原形成演化、环境变迁与生态研究"的项目成果
Ostracoda and its environmental significance at the ancient Tianshuihai Lake of the West Kunlun
Li Yuanfang1, Li Bingyuan1, Wang Guo1, Li Shijie2, Zhu Zhaoyu3
1.:Institute of Gengraphy, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101;2.Nanjing Institute of Geography & Limnology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Nanjing 210008;3.Guangzhou Institute of Geochemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Guangzhou 510640
Abstract:
A lake core, located at 100 m to the southeast of the Tianshuihai Lake (35°21'N, 79°25'E, 4 840 m asl) on the southern flank of the west Kunlun Mountains, was drilled in July of 1995. The analytical results showed that there appeared rich ostracode fossils within the depth of 56.32 m in the sediment core. A total of 10 OwStracode species from the deposits were identified. Based upon the distribution of ostracode fossils within the strata, five ostracode assemblages were distinguished as follows:1. Leucocythere sp. -Leucocythere mirabilis assemblage. This assemblage, which consisted of Leucocythere mirahilis, Leucocythere sp., Leucocythere gongheensis, Candoniella lactea and Ilyocypris bipiicata, mainly indicated a fresh water lake environment with deeper and relatively stable water. It appeared in the middle and the lower parts (depth of 44.55-44.76m, 24.65-29.33m, and 8.54-8.85m) of the core. 2. Dolerocypris fasciata-Leucocythere mirabilis assemblage. It contained Dolerocypris fasciata, Leucocythere mirabilis, Ilyocypris biplicata, Leucocythere sp. and Candona sp. This assemblage indicated a fresh water lake environment with warmer temperatures. It occurred in the sediments with the depth of 5.48-5.78 m. 3. Eucypris inflata-Cyprideis torosa assemblage. The major components were euryhaline and brackish water species, such as Eucypris inflata, Cyprideis torosa. Appearance of these os-tracodes indicated that the salinity of water is above 5‰, and the ancient Tianshuihai Lake was actually a NaCl dominated inland saline lake. This assemblage occurred in the sediments with the depth of 0-2m. 4. Limnocythere dubiosa dominated assemblage. This assmblage represented a fresh water lake or oligohaline water lake with rich HC03- in water. It appeared in the sediments with the depth of 2.46-2.76m. 5. Leucocythere mirabilis dominated assemblage, This assemblage, which nearly contained the single species Leucocythere mirabilis, indicated fresh water or oligosaline water lake. It occurred in the strata with the depth of 2.22-2.46 m. Based upon the distribution of ostracode fossils and their assemblage characters, sedimentary characters, 14C and U/Th dates, the environmental evolutions of the Tianshuihai Lake area since 240 ka BP had been preliminorily recognized. The evolution of the ancient Tianshuihai Lake can be divided into six stages. Inthe former four stages (242-59 ka BP, depth of 56.32-13.61m), this area was dominated by fresh water lake. During these stages of the evolution, by the influence of climatic changes, fluvial environment occurred many times in this area. In the fifth stage (59-25 ka BP, depth of 13.61-2.76m), this area was fresh water lake with warmer water temperatures. The sixth stage (25-17 ka BP, depth of 2.76-0 m) was in the period with strong climatic changes. During the earlier stage of last glaciation period, this area was fresh water lake or oligohaline water lake, reflecting a humid climate in that time. During the last glacial maximum, this area was brackish water lake even saline lake. It can be seen that the climate turned into drought from then on, and the ancient water level dropped rapidly.
Key words:  Tianshuihai Lake  palaeolimnology  ostracoda  paleoevironment
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