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引用本文:Pavel P. Sherstyankin,Lubov N. Kuimova,Vladimir L. Potemkin.确定深淡水湖泊的位温与密度.湖泊科学,1998,10(s1):261-266. DOI:10.18307/1998.sup28
Pavel P. Sherstyankin,Lubov N. Kuimova,Vladimir L. Potemkin.Determination of Potential Temperature and Density for Deep Fresh Waters. J. Lake Sci.1998,10(s1):261-266. DOI:10.18307/1998.sup28
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确定深淡水湖泊的位温与密度
Pavel P. Sherstyankin, Lubov N. Kuimova, Vladimir L. Potemkin
Limnological Institute, Siberian Division, Russian Academy of Sciences, Russia
摘要:
As a rule, the hydrodynamic modeling of processes in fresh waters is performed with the use of potential temperature θ and potential density ρ*. However, the formulae of potential temperature for natural waters given by Phillips (1977), Gill (1982) and others take into account only adiabatic correction. They do not consider such important characteristics of natural waters as temperature of maximal density Tmd (S,P) remoting of real temperatures T(S,P) in situ from Tmd (T -Tmd), changes of Tmd with decreasing of pressure P (depth Z), and the equation of water state. Tmd=Tmd(P) is the property of molecular structures of water (Horne, 1969). It is determined by the equation of water state:for example, for lacustrine waters in the form of Chen, Millero, (1986) ρ=ρ(S,T,P), where ρ,S are density and salinity natural water. There is given and discussed a new formula for the calculation of potential temperature. It is established that potential densities calculated according to the new formula suggested by us show the entire thermodynamic similarity of characteristics within T in situ. It is not observed while using the old formulae.
关键词:  potential temperature  density  deep fresh waters  Lake Baikal
DOI:10.18307/1998.sup28
分类号:
基金项目:Research was supported by grants Russian Foundation of Basic Researches (96-05-65850 and 96-05-65997).
Determination of Potential Temperature and Density for Deep Fresh Waters
Pavel P. Sherstyankin, Lubov N. Kuimova, Vladimir L. Potemkin
Limnological Institute, Siberian Division, Russian Academy of Sciences, Russia
Abstract:
As a rule, the hydrodynamic modeling of processes in fresh waters is performed with the use of potential temperature θ and potential density ρ*. However, the formulae of potential temperature for natural waters given by Phillips (1977), Gill (1982) and others take into account only adiabatic correction. They do not consider such important characteristics of natural waters as temperature of maximal density Tmd (S,P) remoting of real temperatures T(S,P) in situ from Tmd (T -Tmd), changes of Tmd with decreasing of pressure P (depth Z), and the equation of water state. Tmd=Tmd(P) is the property of molecular structures of water (Horne, 1969). It is determined by the equation of water state:for example, for lacustrine waters in the form of Chen, Millero, (1986) ρ=ρ(S,T,P), where ρ,S are density and salinity natural water. There is given and discussed a new formula for the calculation of potential temperature. It is established that potential densities calculated according to the new formula suggested by us show the entire thermodynamic similarity of characteristics within T in situ. It is not observed while using the old formulae.
Key words:  potential temperature  density  deep fresh waters  Lake Baikal
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