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引用本文:Katrin Teubner,Thomas Teubner.用TN-TP-SRSi三角形图解评价藻类组成结构的营养比动力学.湖泊科学,1998,10(s1):393-410. DOI:10.18307/1998.sup42
Katrin Teubner,Thomas Teubner.Use of Triangular TN-TP-SRSi Diagrams to Evaluate Nutrient Ratio Dynamics Structuring Phytoplankton Assemblage. J. Lake Sci.1998,10(s1):393-410. DOI:10.18307/1998.sup42
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用TN-TP-SRSi三角形图解评价藻类组成结构的营养比动力学
Katrin Teubner1,2,3, Thomas Teubner1,4
1.Institut fü2.r Limnologie, Ö3.sterreichische Akademie der Wissenschaften, Gaisberg 116, A-5310-Mondsee, Austria;4.r Kristallziichtung im Forschungsverbund Berlin e. V, Rudower Chaussee 6, D-12489 Berlin, Germany
摘要:
To show the relative availability of nitrogen, phosphorus and silica for diatoms as well as non-siliceous algae in phytoplankton communities triangular diagrams are most appropriate. Triangular diagrams for TN-TP-SRSi show the nutrient ratios TN:TP, SRSi:TN and SRSi:TP in proportion to each other at the same time.
Comparison of waters, grouped according to their limnological characteristics, indicate that these groups have also different seasonal dynamics of TN, TP and SRSi in proportion to each other. From these groups, which include meso-eutrophic and hypertrophic, shallow and deep, polymictic and dimictic lakes,only the group of "flushed, hypertrophic polymictic lakes" has a high seasonal dynamic of the ratios of all three macronutrients. Moreover the relative availability of TN:TP-ratios changes from > 16:1 in spring to <16:1 in summer. Significant changes in phytoplankton structure are associated with this high dynamic of the nutrient ratios. Considerable changes in the share of cyanobacteria to diatom biomass during summer are synchronised with a powerful modification of the relative availability of TN-TP-SRSi as illustrated by the triangular diagrams.
For practical purposes trophic situations are most commonly evaluated from concentrations of a single nutrient or a nutrient ratio, such as N:P. However, a complex assessment would often be more appropriate. In this context triangular diagrams have the benefit of synoptically presenting relative nutrient availability for phytoplankton communities as a whole.
关键词:  eutrophication  riverine lakes  N:P:Si ratios  cyanobacteria
DOI:10.18307/1998.sup42
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Use of Triangular TN-TP-SRSi Diagrams to Evaluate Nutrient Ratio Dynamics Structuring Phytoplankton Assemblage
Katrin Teubner1,2,3, Thomas Teubner1,4
1.Institut fü2.r Limnologie, Ö3.sterreichische Akademie der Wissenschaften, Gaisberg 116, A-5310-Mondsee, Austria;4.r Kristallziichtung im Forschungsverbund Berlin e. V, Rudower Chaussee 6, D-12489 Berlin, Germany
Abstract:
To show the relative availability of nitrogen, phosphorus and silica for diatoms as well as non-siliceous algae in phytoplankton communities triangular diagrams are most appropriate. Triangular diagrams for TN-TP-SRSi show the nutrient ratios TN:TP, SRSi:TN and SRSi:TP in proportion to each other at the same time.
Comparison of waters, grouped according to their limnological characteristics, indicate that these groups have also different seasonal dynamics of TN, TP and SRSi in proportion to each other. From these groups, which include meso-eutrophic and hypertrophic, shallow and deep, polymictic and dimictic lakes,only the group of "flushed, hypertrophic polymictic lakes" has a high seasonal dynamic of the ratios of all three macronutrients. Moreover the relative availability of TN:TP-ratios changes from > 16:1 in spring to <16:1 in summer. Significant changes in phytoplankton structure are associated with this high dynamic of the nutrient ratios. Considerable changes in the share of cyanobacteria to diatom biomass during summer are synchronised with a powerful modification of the relative availability of TN-TP-SRSi as illustrated by the triangular diagrams.
For practical purposes trophic situations are most commonly evaluated from concentrations of a single nutrient or a nutrient ratio, such as N:P. However, a complex assessment would often be more appropriate. In this context triangular diagrams have the benefit of synoptically presenting relative nutrient availability for phytoplankton communities as a whole.
Key words:  eutrophication  riverine lakes  N:P:Si ratios  cyanobacteria
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