投稿中心

审稿中心

编辑中心

期刊出版

网站地图

友情链接

引用本文:高光,胡文英,李宽意.溶解氧对低洼盐碱地鱼塘物质循环的影响.湖泊科学,2003,15(1):57-63. DOI:10.18307/2003.0108
GAO Guang,HU Wenying,LI Kuanyi.Effect of Dissolved Oxygen on the Nutrient Cycle in Low-wetland Fishponds. J. Lake Sci.2003,15(1):57-63. DOI:10.18307/2003.0108
【打印本页】   【HTML】   【下载PDF全文】   查看/发表评论  【EndNote】   【RefMan】   【BibTex】
←前一篇|后一篇→ 过刊浏览    高级检索
本文已被:浏览 4157次   下载 2613 本文二维码信息
码上扫一扫!
分享到: 微信 更多
溶解氧对低洼盐碱地鱼塘物质循环的影响
高光, 胡文英, 李宽意
中国科学院南京地理与湖泊研究所, 南京 210008
摘要:
对黄淮海平原低洼盐碱地鱼塘中溶解氧与物质循环之间的关系进行了初步研究.结果表明:池塘水体中的溶解氧含量取决于水体中藻类的光合作用及其它生物的耗氧作用,扰动的方式、时间,可显著改变水体中溶解氧的含量.池塘水体中异养细菌的数量变动,除与水体中的有机物质含量等有关外,与水体中溶解氧的含量密切相关.尤其在底泥中,这种变化更加明显.池塘水体中的氨化作用强度、磷的转化强度明显地呈现出受水体中的溶解氧含量影响.当水体中的溶解氧含量增加时,导致细菌的现存量及活性的增加,使得氨化作用强度、磷的转化强度也显著增加,这种情况在底泥中表现的更加明显.池塘水体中反硝化作用强度、反硫化作用强度的变化则与水体中溶解氧含量的变化相反.当水体中溶解氧的含量减少时,水体中的反硝化作用强度、反硫化作用强度反而大大增加.这种作用在底泥中表现得也非常明显.
关键词:  溶解氧  低洼盐碱地  鱼塘  物质循环
DOI:10.18307/2003.0108
分类号:
基金项目:国家九五攻关课题950080402资助.
Effect of Dissolved Oxygen on the Nutrient Cycle in Low-wetland Fishponds
GAO Guang, HU Wenying, LI Kuanyi
Nanjing Institute of Geography and Limnology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Nannjing 210008, P. R. China
Abstract:
The relationship between dissolved oxygen and nutrient cycle in low-wetland fishponds of the Huanghe-Huaihe-Haihe plain was studied. The results show that:1) The dissolved oxygen content depended on the photosynthesis of algae and the consumption of other organisms, which can be significantly improved by mixing. 2) The heterotrophic bacteria number of pond water was correlation with organic matter in addition to the dissolved oxygen. This change was more clearly especially in the sediments. 3) The dissolved oxygen of pond water significantly affected the changes of ammonification intensity and phosphorous decomposition intensity. When the dissolved oxygen was increased, the heterotrophic bacteria number and active were also improved, which caused the ammonification intensity and phosphorous decomposition intensity was significantly increased. This situation was more clearly in the sediments. 4) The nitrate reduction intensity and sulfate reduction intensity was negative correlation with the dissolved oxygen content. When the dissolved oxygen was decreased, the nitrate reduction intensity and sulfate reduction intensity were significantly increased. This situation also was more clearly in the sediments.
Key words:  Dissolved oxygen  low-wetland  fish pond  nutrient cycle
分享按钮