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引用本文:田昆,陆梅,常凤来,莫剑锋,黎良才,杨永兴.云南纳帕海岩溶湿地生态环境变化及驱动机制.湖泊科学,2004,16(1):36-43. DOI:10.18307/2004.0105
TIAN Kun,LU Mei,CHANG Fenglai,MO Jianfeng,YANG Yongxing.The Ecological Environment Degradation and Degradation Mechanism of Napahai Karst Wetland in Southwestern Yunnan Plateau. J. Lake Sci.2004,16(1):36-43. DOI:10.18307/2004.0105
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云南纳帕海岩溶湿地生态环境变化及驱动机制
田昆1,2, 陆梅2, 常凤来2, 莫剑锋2, 黎良才2, 杨永兴3
1.中国科学院东北地理与农业生态研宄所, 长春 130012;2.西南林学院环境科学与工程系, 昆明 650224;3.同济大学环境科学与工程学院, 上海 200092
摘要:
利用原状土就地取样野外定位研究方法,对云南西北高原的纳帕海岩溶湿地生态环境状况进行的2年定位研究表明,纳帕海湿地生态环境破坏严重,表现为湿地面积不断缩小,沼泽类型改变,沼泽旱化、沙化,中旱生植物侵入,沼泽发生逆向生态演替,生物多样性减少,土壤养分衰减退化,土壤酶活性降低,水质变劣.分析了引起纳帕海湿地环境变化的自然因素和人为因素,表明人为活动干扰是引起其湿地生态环境退化的主要原因.
关键词:  纳帕海  人为干扰  岩溶湿地  生态退化  驱动机制
DOI:10.18307/2004.0105
分类号:
基金项目:湖北省涝渍灾害与湿地农业重点实验室开放科研基金(HNKFJ2002A04);云南省自然科学基金(2001C0044M)联合资助.
The Ecological Environment Degradation and Degradation Mechanism of Napahai Karst Wetland in Southwestern Yunnan Plateau
TIAN Kun1,2, LU Mei2, CHANG Fenglai2, MO Jianfeng2, YANG Yongxing2
1.Northeast Institute of Geography and Agricultural Ecology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Changchun 130012, P.R.China;2.Department of Environment Science and Engineering, Southwest Forestry College, Kunming 650224, P.R.China;3.College of Environment Science and Engineering, Tongji University, Shanghai 200092, P.R.China
Abstract:
Based on in-situ technique of locating experiment site, a two-year study on the degradation of Napahai Karst wetland, northwestern Yunnan Plateau was carried out.The results show that there are significantly ecological environment deteriorations that are destroying the wetland.Those deteriorations include wetland shrinking, type of marsh alternation, aridity and sandification, retrogressive ecological succession, mesophytes and xerophytes instead of helo-phytes, biodiversity decline, soil subsidence, water quality decline and soil enzymes activities changes.The causes of natural water drainage from limestone geological structure and human interferences like over pasture, wetland reclamation and cultivation are discussed, among which the human interferences are the main driving factor that degrade the ecological environment of Napahai Karst wetland.
Key words:  Napahai Karst wetland  Southwestern Yunnan Plateau  human disturbance,  eco-logical environment degradation  degradation driving mechanism
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