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引用本文:李翀,马巍,史晓新,廖文根.呼伦湖水位、盐度变化(1961-2002年).湖泊科学,2006,18(1):13-20. DOI:10.18307/2006.0102
LI Chong,MA Wei,SHI Xiaoxin,LIAO Wengen.Reconstruction of the hydrology series and simulation of salinity in ungauged Lake Hulun. J. Lake Sci.2006,18(1):13-20. DOI:10.18307/2006.0102
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呼伦湖水位、盐度变化(1961-2002年)
李翀1, 马巍1, 史晓新2, 廖文根1
1.中国水利水电科学研究院, 水环境研究所, 北京 100038;2.水利部水利水电规划设计总院, 北京 100011
摘要:
为重建水文资料缺乏的呼伦湖流域的水文、水质序列,本研究基于长期的气象观测记录,采用彭曼公式估计了湖泊的水面蒸发,并建立一个两参数月水量平衡模型模拟湖周的入流,通过水量平衡计算.建立了42年(1961-2002)的呼伦湖区水量变化序列,并模拟了湖泊月水量、水位、含盐度的变化.模拟的水位、含盐度变化趋势与实际比较接近,模拟精度较好,其误差在可以接受范围内.所重建的42年呼伦湖区水文、含盐度序列,可为该区域的水资源评价管理、开发利用提供科学依据.
关键词:  水文序列重建  含盐度  水量平衡模型  呼伦湖
DOI:10.18307/2006.0102
分类号:
基金项目:国家自然科学基金(30490231)资助项目
Reconstruction of the hydrology series and simulation of salinity in ungauged Lake Hulun
LI Chong1, MA Wei1, SHI Xiaoxin2, LIAO Wengen1
1.Department of Water Environment, China Institute of Water Resources and Hydropower Research (IWHR), Beijing 100038, P. R. China;2.Water Resources and Hydropower Planning and Design General Institute, MWR, Beijing 100011, P. R. China
Abstract:
Water resource plays an important role in social and economical activity in China, especially in northern arid or semi-arid regions. In the ungauged Lake Hulun basin, an approach combining two-parameters monthly water balance model and mass balance equation was developed in the study to reconstruct the hydrological and salinity series. 42-years hydrological and salinity monthly series are reconstructed in the Lake Hulun using the model. Simulated water level and salinity are in good agreement with the observed annual mean data. The estimation of water resources and salinity is reliable, and supports the solid base for wise management of water resources in Lake Hulun.
Key words:  Reconstruction of hydrological series  salinity  monthly water balance model  Lake Hulun
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