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引用本文:张民,孔繁翔,史小丽,邢鹏,谭啸.铜绿微囊藻在竞争生长条件下对氧化还原电位降低的响应.湖泊科学,2007,19(2):118-124. DOI:10.18307/2007.0202
ZHANG Min,KONG Fanxiang,SHI Xiaoli,XING Peng,TAN Xiao.Responses of Microcystis aeruginosa to reducing oxidation reduction potential under competition growth condition. J. Lake Sci.2007,19(2):118-124. DOI:10.18307/2007.0202
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铜绿微囊藻在竞争生长条件下对氧化还原电位降低的响应
张民1,2, 孔繁翔1, 史小丽1, 邢鹏1,2, 谭啸1,2
1.中国科学院南京地理与湖泊研究所, 南京210008;2.中国科学院研究生院, 北京100039
摘要:
水体中氧化还原电位的变化会对藻类生长和竞争产生直接或间接的影响.本文采用单种培养和混合培养的方式,研究了在铜绿微囊藻(Microcystis aeruginosa)与斜生栅藻(Scenedesmus obliquus)竞争生长过程中氧化还原电位降低对铜绿微囊藻优势形成的影响,同时测定了铜绿微囊藻生理和形态的变化.结果表明:在单种培养条件下,铜绿微囊藻的生长速率明显高于栅藻,降低氧化还原电位对两种藻的生长速率没有影响;在混合培养条件下,两种藻的生长均受到了抑制,但降低氧化还原电位却明显提高了铜绿微囊藻的生长速率,而降低了斜生栅藻的生长速率,说明铜绿微囊藻的竞争能力得到了加强,斜生栅藻的竞争能力有所削弱;同时试验也发现在竞争生长的条件下,培养基氧化还原电位的降低诱导了铜绿微囊藻细胞体积变大,酯酶活性增强以及叶绿素荧光强度增加,这些生理参数的改变可能是铜绿微囊藻在环境中氧化还原电位降低时竞争能力得以增强的重要原因.
关键词:  铜绿微囊藻  斜生栅藻  混合培养  竞争  氧化还原电位
DOI:10.18307/2007.0202
分类号:
基金项目:国家自然科学基金项目(40471045);国家重点基础研究发展计划资助项目(2002CB412305);中国科学院资源环境领域野外台站研究基金项目;中国科学院“百人计划”和中国科学院南京地理与湖泊研究所所长基金联合资助
Responses of Microcystis aeruginosa to reducing oxidation reduction potential under competition growth condition
ZHANG Min1,2, KONG Fanxiang1, SHI Xiaoli1, XING Peng1,2, TAN Xiao1,2
1.Nanjing Institute of Geography and Limnology, Chinese Acadamy of Sciences, Nanjing 20008, P.R.China;2.Graduate School of Chinese Acadamy of Sciences, Beijing 10039, P.R.China
Abstract:
In this study, the responses of Microcystis aeruginosa growth to oxidation reduction potential (ORP) reducing were studied by momospecies culture and mixed culture with Scenedesmus obliquus. Cell size, esterase activity and chlorophyll fluorescence intensity of M. aeruginosa were measured by flow cytometry. The results showed that oxidation reduction potential of medium was reduced by exogenous glutathione (GSH). In monospecies culture groups, M. aeruginosa has a significant higher growth rate than S. obliquus, and no significant effects of ORP on the two algae were found. However, in mixed culture groups, the growth of the two algae were obviously inhibited and the cell concentration of M. aeruginosa was still dominant. While ORP was reduced, the growth rate of M. aeruginosa was enhanced and that of S. obliquus was inhibited. Furthermore, Cell size, esterase activity and chlorophyll fluorescence intensity of M. aeruginosa were increased after ORP was changed. All these changes play an important role in enhancing growth rate of M. aerugionsa.
Key words:  Microcystis aeruginosa  Scenedesmus obliquus  mixed culture  competition  oxidation reduction potential
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