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引用本文:胡小贞,叶春,金相灿,李宁波,刘滨,张晴波.云南洱海桃溪河口净化工程的设计思路及初步净化效果.湖泊科学,2007,19(2):158-162. DOI:10.18307/2007.0208
HU Xiaozhen,YE Chun,JIN Xiangcan,LI Ningbo,LIU Bin,ZHANG Qingbo.River mouth ecotechnology for purification of River Taoxi in Lake Erhai Basin:the design and purification effects. J. Lake Sci.2007,19(2):158-162. DOI:10.18307/2007.0208
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云南洱海桃溪河口净化工程的设计思路及初步净化效果
胡小贞1, 叶春1, 金相灿1, 李宁波2, 刘滨2, 张晴波3
1.中国环境科学研究院, 北京100012;2.大理州环境保护局, 大理671000;3.上海航道勘察设计研究院, 上海200120
摘要:
湖泊生态工程因其净化效果好、投资小、运行简单等优点,近十多年来在我国受到了广泛关注,并得到了越来越多的应用.本文介绍了云南洱海污染治理的工程技术之一——桃溪河口净化工程的设计思路.该工程基于暴雨径流输送污染物的特征,将水力工程、土石工程与生物工程有效结合,通过在桃溪河口建立溢流堰,将桃溪正常来水导截入由桃溪河口9个废弃鱼塘改造而成的净化池进行净化.工程运行的水质监测表明,该工程已发挥一定的净化效果,对TN的去除率达55.2%-86.9%,其中对NO3-N和NH+4-N的去除率都较高,对P的去除率达76.4%-88.2%,对悬浮物的去除率达29.4%-49.5%.
关键词:  洱海  河口净化  生态工程
DOI:10.18307/2007.0208
分类号:
基金项目:国家高技术研究发展计划(2005AA6010100502)资助
River mouth ecotechnology for purification of River Taoxi in Lake Erhai Basin:the design and purification effects
HU Xiaozhen1, YE Chun1, JIN Xiangcan1, LI Ningbo2, LIU Bin2, ZHANG Qingbo3
1.Chinese Research Academy of Environmental Sciences, Beijing 100012, P.R.China;2.Dali Environmental Protection Agency, Dali 671000, P.R.China;3.Shanghai Channel Investigation, Design and Research Institute, Shanghai 200120, P.R.China
Abstract:
Ecotechnology or ecological engineering is booming as a new water treatment technology in our country in recent decade for its advantages of high purification effects, low investment and easy operation. This article presented river mouth ecotechnology for purification of River Taoxi in Lake Erhai Basin. Through constructing a flooding weir at river mouth, River Taoxi water was intercepted into a purification system which was reconstructed by 9 abandoned fish ponds with total area of 550002 at left-side of river mouth. This purification system consists of 5 parts :1 )inflowing system consisting of constructed flooding weir and diversion wall;2)sand sedimentation system reconstructed by 4 ponds with an area of 27280 m2 ;3 ) biological purification system reconstructed by 5 ponds with an area of 27720 m2 which is designed to plant different life style aquatic plant;4) water flow distributing system which is responsible for long and uniformly water path and 5 ) outflowing system which is discontinuous gaps for water flowing out to Lake Erhai. The system has a design flow of 6.25 m3/s. It exerts purification effects for non-point pollution of River Taoxi mainly through sand sedimentation and plant purification. Water quality monitoring data in the operation period revealed that the system exert purification effects with TN removal rate of 55.2%-86.9%, TP removal rate of 76.4%-88.2%, SS removal rate of 29.4%-49.5%.
Key words:  Lake Erhai  river mouth purification  ecological engineering
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