投稿中心

审稿中心

编辑中心

期刊出版

网站地图

友情链接

引用本文:李强,王国祥,王文林,马婷,潘国权.悬浮泥沙水体对穗花狐尾藻(Myriophyllum spicatum L.)光合荧光特性的影响.湖泊科学,2007,19(2):197-203. DOI:10.18307/2007.0214
LI Qiang,WANG Guoxiang,WANG Wenlin,MA Ting,PAN Guoquan.The influence of suspended sands on Myriophyllum spicatum L. photosysthetic fluorescence characteristics in turbid waters. J. Lake Sci.2007,19(2):197-203. DOI:10.18307/2007.0214
【打印本页】   【HTML】   【下载PDF全文】   查看/发表评论  【EndNote】   【RefMan】   【BibTex】
←前一篇|后一篇→ 过刊浏览    高级检索
本文已被:浏览 2945次   下载 1808 本文二维码信息
码上扫一扫!
分享到: 微信 更多
悬浮泥沙水体对穗花狐尾藻(Myriophyllum spicatum L.)光合荧光特性的影响
李强, 王国祥, 王文林, 马婷, 潘国权
南京师范大学地理科学学院、江苏省环境演变及生态建设重点实验室, 南京210097
摘要:
用粒径小于100μm的泥沙分别配置浊度为30、60和90NTU(Nephelometric Turbidity Units)的混浊水体,将穗花狐尾藻(Myriophyllum spicatum L.)成体植株分别种植于上述水体中,2个月后,利用水下饱和脉冲荧光仪(Diving-PAM)测定植株叶片的叶绿素荧光参数.结果表明,水体悬浮泥沙对狐尾藻成体植株Fv/Fm和Fo影响不显著,植株PSⅡ无显著损伤.用30μmol photon/(m2·s)的光化光照射10s,在30和60NTU的混浊水体中植株△Fv/FmqP和rETR与对照的差异不显著;在90NTU的水体中,qP、rETR与对照的差异显著(P<0.05);qN值≤0.1,表明在低光化光照射下叶片的热耗散少,能量更多的参与了光化学反应.在悬浮泥沙水体中植株的rETR日变化幅度显著小于对照,植株的光合作用随水体浊度的增加显著降低.Fv/Fm日变化呈较为平缓的“V”形变化,植株受到的光抑制程度低;泥沙浊度≥60NTU时,Fv/Fm恢复变慢,但与对照差异不显著,rETRmax随泥沙浊度升高呈下降趋势,光合作用能力显著降低.结果表明穗花狐尾藻是一种较为耐受悬浮泥沙水体的沉水植物,悬浮泥沙对植株光合系统PSⅡ、抗光抑制能力无显著影响,但对光合作用能力影响显著(P<0.05).
关键词:  穗花狐尾藻  悬浮泥沙  光合荧光特性
DOI:10.18307/2007.0214
分类号:
基金项目:国家863“十五”重大科技专项(2003AA601100-2);国家“十五”“211工程”联合资助
The influence of suspended sands on Myriophyllum spicatum L. photosysthetic fluorescence characteristics in turbid waters
LI Qiang, WANG Guoxiang, WANG Wenlin, MA Ting, PAN Guoquan
Key Laboratory of Environmental Change and Ecological Construction, College of Geographical Science, Nanjing Normal University, Nanjing 210097, P.R.China
Abstract:
Mature Myriophyllum spicatum L. were planted respectively in 30NTU, 60NTU and 90NTU turbid water of suspended sands. In these turbid waters, the size of suspended sands were less than 100μm. After two months, the leaves near their stems were measured by a newly developed, submersible, pulse-amplitude modulated (PAM) fluorometer. Diving-PAM. The results indicated that photosystem II of Myriophyllum spicatum didn't damaged apparently in the turbid waters by the detection of Fv/Fm and Fo. After the leaves were illuminated by actinic light of 30μmol photon/(m2·s) for 10 s, △Fv/Fm and qP didn't decrease significantly in 30 and 60 NTU turbid waters less than those in the control water, while qP in 90NTU turbid water was remarkably lower than that in the control water (p<0. 05 ). qN in these turbid waters was less than 0. 1, indicating that heat dissipation of the plants was low, and more energy took part in light chemical reaction. In addition, the diurnal variational extent of rETR in turbid waters was smaller significantly than that in the control water, and photosynthesis of these plants significantly decreased with turbidity of water increasing. The diurnal variation of Fv/Fm under irradiance exhibited gentle "V" shape in the turbid water, indicating that MyriophyUum spicatum L. could endure higher irradiance. When turbidity of water was more than 60NTU, Fn/Fm of these plants restored slower than that of the control water, but their difference wasnt significant. Maximal rETR also decreased with the increasing turbidity of water, showing that photosynthesis ability of the plants decreased apparently. All above-mentioned results indicated that Myriophyllum spicatum L. , one kind of submerged macrophytes, was more tolerant to high turbid waters of suspended sands. Suspended sands didnt influence significantly photosystem and the tolerance to photoinhibitory stress, but did significantly photosynthetic ability of the plants (P<0. 05 ).
Key words:  Myriophyllum spicatum  suspended sands  photosysthetic fluorescence characteristics
分享按钮