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引用本文:王波,陈雯,赵海霞.太湖地区环境敏感地空间分布及对策——以苏州市为例.湖泊科学,2008,20(3):369-374. DOI:10.18307/2008.0317
WANG Bo,CHEN Wen,ZHAO Hai-xia.Spatial distribution and countermeasures of environmental sensitive area around Lake Taihu-case of Suzhou. J. Lake Sci.2008,20(3):369-374. DOI:10.18307/2008.0317
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太湖地区环境敏感地空间分布及对策——以苏州市为例
王波1,2, 陈雯1, 赵海霞2
1.中国科学院南京地理与湖泊研究所, 北京 100049;2.南京210008中国科学院研究生院, 南京 210008
摘要:
随着工业化和城市化进程的迅速推进,区域空间发展向坡地、沿湖地区等环境敏感地区伸展,加剧了环境敏感地区的环境压力和生态胁迫,影响了区域可持续发展.针对苏州市自然地域特点,对环境敏感地进行分类,划出区域未来开发与保护的空间范围与布局,对实现区域健康发展具有重要的现实意义.本文将生态保护需求、水源保障、污染影响、农田生态保护、灾害防范等作为环境敏感评价的基本因子,将苏州市环境敏感地划分为生态功能敏感地、地表水源敏感地、污染影响敏感地、优质农田敏感地以及潜在灾害敏感地五类,在明确其空间范围的基础上,对环境敏感地进行综合评价,进而有针对性的提出减缓敏感响应、保护生态及发展区域经济的对策.
关键词:  环境敏感地  空间分布  评价  苏州市
DOI:10.18307/2008.0317
分类号:
基金项目:国家自然科学基金(40771053,70503026);中国科学院知识创新工程项目(KZCX2-YW-321)联合资助.
Spatial distribution and countermeasures of environmental sensitive area around Lake Taihu-case of Suzhou
WANG Bo1,2, CHEN Wen1, ZHAO Hai-xia2
1.Nanjing Institute of Geography & Limnology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Nanjing 210008, P.R.China;2.Graduate School of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, P.R.China
Abstract:
Along with the industrialization and the urbanization approaching rapidly, regional spatial development turned to environmental sensitive area, for example, sloping field, lakeshore etc., which has affected regional sustainable development. Carrying on the natural geographical features of Suzhou city, to classify the type of environmental sensitive area and to make a clear distinction boundary of the future regional development and protection has a vital practical significance for realizing the region economy sustainable development. From ecological protection, water source safeguard, pollution, farmland zoology and disaster prevention etc., the environmental sensitive area in Suzhou city will be divided into the ecological sensitive area, surface water source sensitive area, contaminated sensitive area, high quality farmland sensitive area as well as the latent disaster sensitive area——five kinds. In the foundation of being clear about its spatial scope, comprehensive evaluation of environmental sensitive area had been made and many kinds of sensitive environment protections and the development suggestions had been pointed out.
Key words:  Environmental sensitive area  spatial distribution  evaluation  Suzhou City
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