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引用本文:张增信,姜彤,张金池,张强,刘宣飞.长江流域水汽收支的时空变化与环流特征.湖泊科学,2008,20(6):733-740. DOI:10.18307/2008.0610
ZHANG Zeng-xin,JIANG Tong,ZHANG Jin-chi,ZHANG Qiang,LIU Xuan-fei.Spatial-temporal properties of moisture budget and associated large-scale circulation in the Yangtze River Basin. J. Lake Sci.2008,20(6):733-740. DOI:10.18307/2008.0610
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长江流域水汽收支的时空变化与环流特征
张增信1,2,3, 姜彤4, 张金池2, 张强1,4, 刘宣飞5
1.中国科学院南京地理与湖泊研究所, 南京 210008;2.南京林业大学江苏省林业生态工程重点实验室, 南京 210037;3.中国科学院研究生院, 北京 100049;4.中国气象局气候研究开放实验室, 北京 100081;5.无锡工艺职业技术学院, 无锡 214220
摘要:
通过分析1961-2005年长江流域水汽收支的时空变化及环流特征,发现:1)长江流域春季、秋季、冬季和年均水汽收支下降,而夏季增加;长江上游除夏季外均变化显著,中下游则只有春季、夏季和秋季变化显著;2)长江中下游各季节及年水汽收支与降水的关系都通过了显著性检验,其中夏季关系最好,而长江上游只有春季和秋季通过显著性检验;3)夏季长江流域水汽输送下降,但水汽收支却增加,可能与东亚夏季风减弱有关,而东亚夏季风的减弱可能与东亚大陆上空低层大气位势高度显著增强有关.
关键词:  水汽收支  趋势分析  大气环流  长江流域
DOI:10.18307/2008.0610
分类号:
基金项目:中国气象局气候变化专项(CCSF2007-35);淮河流域开放研究基金(HRM200708);“十一五”国家林业科技支撑项目(2006BAD03A1601);江苏省自然科学基金(BK2006251)联合资助
Spatial-temporal properties of moisture budget and associated large-scale circulation in the Yangtze River Basin
ZHANG Zeng-xin1,2,3, JIANG Tong4, ZHANG Jin-chi2, ZHANG Qiang1,4, LIU Xuan-fei5
1.Nanjing Institute of Geography and Limnology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Nanjing 210008, P.R.China;2.Jiangsu Key Laboratory of Forestry Ecological Engineering, Nanjing Forestry University, Nanjing 210037, P.R.China;3.Graduate School of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, P.R.China;4.Laboratory for Climate Studies, National Climate Center, China Meteorological Administration, Beijing 100081, P.R.China;5.Wuxi Institute of Arts and Technology, Wuxi 214220, P.R.China
Abstract:
Trends of moisture budget were explored during 1961 to 2005, using simple linear regression method, in the Yangtze River basin, China. The results indicated that: 1) the moisture budget decreased in winter, spring and fall, but increased in summer. The trend of moisture budget was significant except for summer in the upper Yangtze River basin. While significant trends could be identified in moisture budget in spring, summer and autumn in the middle and lower Yangtze River basin;2) the correlation between moisture budget and precipitation was significant related at all of the seasons in the middle and lower Yangtze River basin, and was significant related in spring and autumn in the upper Yangtze River basin;3) the summer moisture transport was in significant decreasing trend in the Yangtze River basin, which might be closely associated with lower layer geopotential height. The summer circulation showed increasing continental high over north China, which weakened the southwesterly summer monsoon and limits propagation of the summer monsoon to north China, resulting in more water vapor budget in the Yangtze River basin and less in north China.
Key words:  Moisture budget  trend  circulation  the Yangtze River basin
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