投稿中心

审稿中心

编辑中心

期刊出版

网站地图

友情链接

引用本文:丁建华,杨威,金显文,邓道贵,葛茜,刘足根.赣江下游流域大型底栖动物群落结构及水质生物学评价.湖泊科学,2012,24(4):593-599. DOI:10.18307/2012.0413
DING Jianhua,YANG Wei,JIN Xianwen,DENG Daogui,GE Qian,LIU Zugen.Community structure of macrozoobenthos and biological evaluation of water quality in lower reaches of Ganjiang River. J. Lake Sci.2012,24(4):593-599. DOI:10.18307/2012.0413
【打印本页】   【HTML】   【下载PDF全文】   查看/发表评论  【EndNote】   【RefMan】   【BibTex】
←前一篇|后一篇→ 过刊浏览    高级检索
本文已被:浏览 5019次   下载 2488 本文二维码信息
码上扫一扫!
分享到: 微信 更多
赣江下游流域大型底栖动物群落结构及水质生物学评价
丁建华1, 杨威1, 金显文1, 邓道贵1, 葛茜1, 刘足根2
1.淮北师范大学生命科学学院资源植物生物学安徽省重点实验室, 淮北 235000;2.江西省环境保护科学研究院, 南昌 330029
摘要:
2009年6月(丰水期)、11月(枯水期)和2010年4月(平水期)对赣江下游流域大型底栖动物群落结构进行调查研究,共鉴定出大型底栖动物3门15科25种.结果表明,赣江下游流域大型底栖动物群落结构具有明显的时空变化.生物密度最大值(145.9±81.8 ind./m2)出现在6月,最小值(89.6±15.9 ind./m2)出现在4月;生物量的变化则相反,最大值(90.1±25.4 g/m2),出现在4月,最小值(62.9±20.9 g/m2)出现在6月;干流的生物密度在6月、11月和4月均明显高于支流,而生物量在11月低于支流.Shannon-Wiener多样性指数(H')、Margalef丰富度指数(D)和Pielou均匀性指数(J)在6月、11月和4月的时间尺度上以及干流、支流的空间尺度上均出现明显的变化,在11月份,这3类指数均表现为最高,6月则均为最低;干流的H'和D在6月和4月均低于支流,而J在这3个时间段内则均是支流高于干流,表明支流大型底栖动物的群落结构较干流更为多样、均匀和稳定.H'和D的结果表明赣江下游流域水质均受到不同程度的污染,其中干流的污染程度较支流更为严重.
关键词:  赣江下游流域  大型底栖动物  群落结构  水质生物学评价
DOI:10.18307/2012.0413
分类号:
基金项目:国家水体污染控制与治理科技重大专项项目(2008ZX07526-008)资助
Community structure of macrozoobenthos and biological evaluation of water quality in lower reaches of Ganjiang River
DING Jianhua1, YANG Wei1, JIN Xianwen1, DENG Daogui1, GE Qian1, LIU Zugen2
1.Anhui Key Laboratory of Resource and Plant Biology, School of Life Sciences, Huaibei Normal University, Huaibei 235000, P. R. China;2.Jiangxi Academy of Environmental Sciences, Nanchang 330029, P. R. China
Abstract:
Macrozoobenthos community structure in the lower reaches of Ganjiang River was investigated in June (wet season) and November (dry season) 2009 and April (normal-water period) 2010. A total of 25 species from 15 families were recorded. Results showed that temporal and spatial variations of the macrozoobenthos community structure were obvious in the lower reaches of Ganjiang River. The mean maximal density (145.9 ± 81.8 ind./m2) occurred in June while the minimum (89.6 ± 15.9 ind./m2) appeared in April. On the contrary, the mean maximal biomass (90.1 ± 25.4 g/m2) occurred in April while the minimum (62.9 ± 20.9 g/m2) appeared in June. Their mean densities in the main stream were always higher than those in branches. However, the mean biomass in main stream was lower than that in branches in November. Temporal and spatial variations of three indices (including Shannon-Wiener index, Margalef index and Pielou evenness index) were apparent. Maximal values of all the indices occurred in November while the minimum appeared in June. The Shannon-Wiener index and Margalef index in the main stream were lower than those in branches in June and April; however, the Pielou evenness index in branches was constantly higher than that in the main stream, which showed that the community structure of macrozoobenthos in branches was more diversiform, uniform, and stable than that in the main stream. According to Shannon-Wiener index and Margalef index, the lower reaches of Ganjiang River was polluted to a certain extent and the main stream was more serious.
Key words:  Lower reaches of Ganjiang River  macrozoobenthos  community structure  biological evaluation of water quality
分享按钮