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引用本文:肖蕾,贺锋,梁雪,黄福青,徐栋,吴振斌.添加固体碳源对垂直流人工湿地污水处理效果的影响.湖泊科学,2012,24(6):843-848. DOI:10.18307/2012.0606
XIAO Lei,HE Feng,LIANG Xue,HUANG Fuqing,XU Dong,WU Zhenbin.Effect of the solid carbon sources addition on performance of wastewater treatment efficiency in vertical flow constructed wetland. J. Lake Sci.2012,24(6):843-848. DOI:10.18307/2012.0606
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添加固体碳源对垂直流人工湿地污水处理效果的影响
肖蕾1,2, 贺锋1, 梁雪1,2, 黄福青1,2, 徐栋1, 吴振斌1
1.中国科学院水生生物研究所淡水生态和生物技术国家重点实验室, 武汉 430072;2.中国科学院研究生院, 北京 100049
摘要:
以垂直流人工湿地小试系统为研究对象,探讨了不同位置(表层、上层、中层和下层)添加固体碳源对系统氮、磷及CODCr去除效果的影响.结果表明:湿地下层硝态氮去除率低于中层,最适宜碳源添加位置为垂直流人工湿地中、下层.添加碳源系统中,碳源添加位置为表层的系统CODCr去除率最高,各系统出水CODCr浓度均低于进水,不引起系统出水中CODCr浓度的增加.添加碳源显著提高脱氮除磷效果,碳源添加位置为下层的系统TN去除率最高,碳源添加位置为表层的系统氨氧化作用明显,出水铵态氮浓度最高,各系统对亚硝态氮和硝态氮去除率差异不明显,但对硝态氮都表现出良好的去除效果.碳源添加位置为下层的系统硝化作用最完全,TP去除能力也显著优于其他各系统.添加碳源至垂直流人工湿地下层可以达到同步脱氮除磷的效果.
关键词:  固体碳源    反硝化  垂直流人工湿地  污水处理
DOI:10.18307/2012.0606
分类号:
基金项目:国家自然科学基金项目(51178452,50808172);湖北省杰出青年基金项目(2010CDA093);国家科技支撑计划项目(2012BAJ21B03-04);国家水体污染控制与治理科技重大专项项目(2012ZX07101007-005,2009ZX07106-002)联合资助
Effect of the solid carbon sources addition on performance of wastewater treatment efficiency in vertical flow constructed wetland
XIAO Lei1,2, HE Feng1, LIANG Xue1,2, HUANG Fuqing1,2, XU Dong1, WU Zhenbin1
1.State Key Laboratory of Freshwater Ecology and Biotechnology, Institute of Hydrobiology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Wuhan 430072, P. R. China;2.Graduate University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, P. R. China
Abstract:
The optimum of carbon sources adding location and the effects of adding to different locations(surface, the upper, middle and lower layers) on the removal efficiency of nitrogen, phosphorus and CODCr were investigated in small-scale vertical flow constructed wetlands. The results showed that the removal efficiency of the nitrate nitrogen in the lower layer was lower than that in the middle layer, and the most suitable location for carbon sources supplement was the middle and lower layer of the vertical flow constructed wetlands. Among the systems with carbon sources added, the one which added the carbon sources to the surface layer exhibited the highest removal efficiency of CODCr, and the concentration of CODCr of the effluent of each system were lower than the influent, not causing the concentration of CODCr increasing of the effluent of the systems. Adding carbon sources can significantly improve the removal efficiency of nitrogen and phosphorus. The system which added the carbon sources to the lower layer showed the highest removal efficiency of total nitrogen. The system which added the carbon sources to the surface layer showed significant ammoxidation, and the concentration of ammonia nitrogen of the effluent was highest. The removal efficiency of each system showed no significant difference in the removal efficiency of nitrite and nitrate nitrogen, and all showed great removal efficiency of nitrate nitrogen. The system which added the carbon sources to the lower layer showed the most complete nitrification, and the removal efficiency of total phosphorus was also significantly better than that of other systems. Adding carbon sources to the lower layer of the vertical flow constructed wetland can achieve the effect of simultaneous removal of nitrogen and phosphorus.
Key words:  Solid carbon sources  nitrogen  denitrification  vertical flow constructed wetland  wastewater treatment
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