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引用本文:陈丹,高光,汤祥明,晁建颖,戴江玉.人工载体理化性状对附着生物水质修复能力的影响.湖泊科学,2013,25(1):39-46. DOI:10.18307/2013.0106
CHEN Dan,GAO Guang,TANG Xiangming,CHAO Jianying,DAI Jiangyu.Influence of the physicochemical characteristic of artificial substrates on water purifying capability of periphyton. J. Lake Sci.2013,25(1):39-46. DOI:10.18307/2013.0106
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人工载体理化性状对附着生物水质修复能力的影响
陈丹1,2, 高光1, 汤祥明1, 晁建颖3, 戴江玉1,2
1.中国科学院南京地理与湖泊研究所, 湖泊与环境国家重点实验室, 南京 210008;2.中国科学院大学, 北京 100049;3.环境保护部南京环境科学研究所, 南京 210042
摘要:
附着生物初级生产力、叶绿素a含量和碱性磷酸酶活性能够指示其对水质的净化能力.本实验选择了5种具有不同表面结构和理化特性的人工载体(载玻片、PVC片、软性载体、组合载体和立体载体),野外原位测定了不同人工载体上附着生物的初级生产力、叶绿素a含量及碱性磷酸酶活性.结果表明:人工载体的理化性状是影响其上附着生物群落稳定、生产力、叶绿素a含量和碱性磷酸酶活性的重要因素.在野外原位条件下,附着生物通常在8~10 d就可以达到最大附着量,此时,其初级生产力、叶绿素a含量和代谢活性等均处于最佳状态.在所选择的5种人工载体中,立体载体和软性载体上附着生物的初级生产力、叶绿素a含量及碱性磷酸酶活性均显著高于其他3种载体,其中立体载体上附着生物净初级生产力最高可达164.21 mgO2/(g·h),且与软性载体相比,立体载体价格相对经济,因此立体载体是一种比较理想的用于水质修复的人工载体.
关键词:  人工载体  理化性状  附着生物  初级生产力  叶绿素a  碱性磷酸酶活性
DOI:10.18307/2013.0106
分类号:
基金项目:国家水体污染控制与治理科技重大专项项目(2012ZX07101-010);江苏省自然科学基金项目(BK2011878)联合资助
Influence of the physicochemical characteristic of artificial substrates on water purifying capability of periphyton
CHEN Dan1,2, GAO Guang1, TANG Xiangming1, CHAO Jianying3, DAI Jiangyu1,2
1.State Key Laboratory of Lake Science and Environment, Nanjing Institute of Geography and Limnology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Nanjing 210008, P.R.China;2.University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, P.R.China;3.Nanjing Institute of Environmental Sciences, Ministry of Environmental Protection of China, Nanjing 210042, P.R.China
Abstract:
Primary production,chlorophyll-a and alkaline phosphatase activity of periphyton can indicate its water purifying capacity.Five artificial substrates with different surface configurations and physicochemical characteristics were selected during this experiment.They were glass slide,PVC film,soft substrate,combined substrate and elastic substrate.The primary production, chlorophyll-a and alkaline phosphatase activity of periphyton attached on these five different substrates were investigated in situ.The results showed that physicochemical characteristics of artificial substrates were proved to be the key factors affecting the stability of periphyton community,primary production,chlorophyll-a and alkaline phosphatase activity.Generally during in situ attachment process,the maximum mass of periphyton appeared on the 8th to 10th day while periphyton primary production,chlorophyll-a and metabolic activity were also showed the highest.Primary production,chlorophyll-a and alkaline phosphatase activity of the periphyton attached on elastic and soft substrates were significantly higher than those on other three substrates.The net primary production of the periphyton attached on the elastic substrate was 164.21 mgO2/(g·h),the highest of those on the five artificial substrates.Compared with the soft substrate,the elastic substrate was more economic and better optimal artificial substrate for water quality restoration.
Key words:  Artificial substrate  physicochemical characteristic  periphyton  primary production  chlorophyll-a  alkaline phosphatase activity
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