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引用本文:刘其根,张真.富营养化湖泊中的鲢、鳙控藻问题:争议与共识.湖泊科学,2016,28(3):463-475. DOI:10.18307/2016.0301
LIU Qigen,ZHANG Zhen.Controlling the nuisance algae by silver and bighead carps in eutrophic lakes:disputes and consensus. J. Lake Sci.2016,28(3):463-475. DOI:10.18307/2016.0301
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富营养化湖泊中的鲢、鳙控藻问题:争议与共识
刘其根, 张真
上海海洋大学水产与生命学院, 上海 201306
摘要:
我国湖泊富营养化的治理方向正在从污染控制走向湖泊的生态修复与管理,因此以鲢、鳙为主导的非经典生物操纵技术受到了关注和重视.然而,鲢、鳙控藻的研究有成败两方面的案例,导致人们对能否利用鲢、鳙控制富营养化湖泊中藻类的过度增长的看法仍有分歧.本文通过对国内大量相关研究案例进行剖析,指出了导致鲢、鳙控藻试验产生不同结果的可能原因,提出了对鲢、鳙控藻研究可以得到的共识,以便为我国湖泊环境的管理和保护提供借鉴.
关键词:  湖泊  富营养化      藻类过度增长  藻类控制
DOI:10.18307/2016.0301
分类号:
基金项目:公益性行业(农业)专项(201303056)、国家水体污染控制与治理科技重大专项(2012ZX07101-007)、国家自然科学基金项目(31072218)和上海市高校知识服务平台项目(ZF1206)联合资助.
Controlling the nuisance algae by silver and bighead carps in eutrophic lakes:disputes and consensus
LIU Qigen, ZHANG Zhen
College of Fisheries and Life Science, Shanghai Ocean University, Shanghai 201306, P. R. China
Abstract:
Treatment of lake eutrophication is shifting from pollution control towards restoration and management of lake ecosystems in China, so it has drawn much attention of the non-traditional biomanipulation based on the role of silver carp and bighead carp in lakes. However, there are both successful and unsuccessful cases over the use of silver carp and bighead carp in controlling nuisance algae, which has led to the discrepancy over the feasibility of its usage. In this paper, we analyzed many studies that tested the effects of silver carp and bighead carp on algal production, pinpointed out the possible causes leading to the different results in these case studies, and tried to reach a consensus over the use of silver carp and bighead carp to control algal over growing in eutrophic lakes. We hope this effort could play a role in helping the environmental management and protection of lakes in China.
Key words:  Lakes  eutrophication  silver carp  bighead carp  cyanobacterial bloom  control of nuisance algae
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