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引用本文:毛启迪,杨苏文,金位栋,焦立新,刘雷,闫玉红,杨敬亭.北京市翠湖国家湿地公园血红裸藻(Euglena sanguinea)水华衰亡过程.湖泊科学,2018,30(2):394-402. DOI:10.18307/2018.0211
MAO Qidi,YANG Suwen,JIN Weidong,JIAO Lixin,LIU Lei,YAN Yuhong,YANG Jingting.Decay process of Euglena sanguine bloom in Cuihu National Wetland Park, Beijing City. J. Lake Sci.2018,30(2):394-402. DOI:10.18307/2018.0211
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北京市翠湖国家湿地公园血红裸藻(Euglena sanguinea)水华衰亡过程
毛启迪1,2,3, 杨苏文2,3, 金位栋2,3, 焦立新2,3, 刘雷1, 闫玉红2,3, 杨敬亭1,2,3
1.南昌大学资源环境与化工学院, 南昌 330031;2.中国环境科学研究院, 环境基准与风险评估国家重点实验室, 北京 100012;3.中国环境科学研究院, 国家环境保护湖泊污染控制重点实验室, 湖泊生态环境创新基地, 北京 100012
摘要:
本文研究了北京翠湖湿地公园夏、秋季水华优势藻血红裸藻(Euglena sanguinea)从水华发生到衰亡过程的细胞密度、形态特征及其与环境因子的关系.结果发现,2016年8月下旬至9月中旬血红裸藻密度稳定增加,9月20日藻密度达到峰值5.13×106 cells/L;9月下旬至11月底藻密度显著下降;血红裸藻在衰亡过程中呈现细胞形态由大变小、由细长变为圆形,细胞颜色由深变浅,运动速率由快变慢的趋势,衰亡后形成具透明胶被孢子的休眠体;血红裸藻群落生长的主控因子为水温和pH,其适宜的环境阈值范围为水温23~27℃,pH 7.3~8.0;其受光照强度影响存在分层现象,弱光强区域藻密度相对较低;血红裸藻的衰亡过程与铵态氮浓度呈显著正相关,低浓度时加速衰亡;与总氮浓度呈负相关,衰亡后总氮浓度显著升高;受总磷浓度影响相对较小,与溶解氧浓度无显著相关关系.
关键词:  血红裸藻  衰亡过程  生态学特征  环境因子  冗余分析(RDA)
DOI:10.18307/2018.0211
分类号:
基金项目:国家水体污染控制与治理科技重大专项(2012ZX07102-004)和中央级公益性科研院所基本科研业务专项(2016YSKY-006)联合资助.
Decay process of Euglena sanguine bloom in Cuihu National Wetland Park, Beijing City
MAO Qidi1,2,3, YANG Suwen2,3, JIN Weidong2,3, JIAO Lixin2,3, LIU Lei1, YAN Yuhong2,3, YANG Jingting1,2,3
1.School of Resources Environmental and Chemical Engineering, Nanchang University, Nanchang 330031, P. R. China;2.State Key Laboratory of Environmental Criteria and Risk Assessment, Chinese Research Academy of Environmental Sciences, Beijing 100012, P. R. China;3.State Environmental Protection Key Laboratory for Lake Pollution Control, Research Center of Lake Eco-environment, Chinese Research Academy of Environmental Sciences, Beijing 100012, P. R. China
Abstract:
Cell density, morphology and characteristic change of Euglena sanguinea and its relationship with environmental factors were investigated during algal bloom and decay process in Beijing Cuihu Lake National Wetland Park. The phytoplankton and water samples were collected from August to November, 2016. The results showed that the density of Euglena sanguinea increased steadily from late August to mid-September, and reached the peak point on September 20(5.13×106 cells/L). Then it decreased significantly from late September to the end of November. During the decay process of Euglena sanguinea, the cell size became smaller, and the cellular morphology transformed from spindly to round. The cell color changed from dark to light. Meanwhile the speed of its movement gradually slowed down. Eventually the cell formed into hypopus with the spores in it covered by a transparent gum. The results indicated that the decline of Euglena sanguinea density was significantly depended upon water temperature and pH. The threshold ranges of optimum temperature was 23~27℃, that of pH was 7.3~8.0. The stratification phenomenon of algae density was mainly affected by light intensity. The density of algae was relatively low in the weak light region. The decay process of Euglena sanguinea was positively correlated with ammonia concentration, and it could accelerat decay speed at low concentration. Furthermore, the decay process of Euglena sanguine was negatively correlated with total nitrogen concentration. It significantly increased during the process of decline. It was less affected by total phosphorus concentration. There was no significant correlation between the decay process and dissolved oxygen.
Key words:  Euglena sanguinea  decay process  ecological characteristics  environmental factors  Redundancy analysis (RDA)
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