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引用本文:成水平,王月圆,吴娟.人工湿地研究现状与展望.湖泊科学,2019,31(6):1489-1498. DOI:10.18307/2019.0625
CHENG Shuiping,WANG Yueyuan,WU Juan.Advances and prospect in the studies on constructed wetlands. J. Lake Sci.2019,31(6):1489-1498. DOI:10.18307/2019.0625
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人工湿地研究现状与展望
成水平1,2,3, 王月圆1,2,3, 吴娟1,2,3
1. 同济大学长江水环境教育部重点实验室, 上海 200092;2.
2. 同济大学环境生态工程研究所, 上海 200092;3.
3. 上海生态景观水环境工程技术研究中心, 上海 200031
摘要:
自1950s开始系统性研究以来,人工湿地研究日趋深入,也得到了广泛的应用.本文基于文献报道,对人工湿地研究的历程特别是我国的研究进行了分析,分为起步探索、迅猛发展和规范应用三个阶段.梳理了人工湿地的研究现状,主要集中在如何提高脱氮除磷效率、对新兴污染物的去除、人工湿地根区微生物结构与功能以及人工湿地模型四个方面.核心还是提高人工湿地对污染物的去除效率并解释其机理.未来需要长期监测数据支撑的理论实践结合的设计规程;进一步揭示人工湿地的生物过程;建立合理简化的模型,对系统进行准确预测.
关键词:  人工湿地  脱氮除磷  新兴污染物  微生物  模型
DOI:10.18307/2019.0625
分类号:
基金项目:国家自然科学基金项目(51578395,51778455)资助.
Advances and prospect in the studies on constructed wetlands
CHENG Shuiping1,2,3, WANG Yueyuan1,2,3, WU Juan1,2,3
1. Key Laboratory of Yangtze River Water Environment, Ministry of Education, Tongji University, Shanghai 200092, P. R. China;2.
2. Institute of Eco-Environmental Engineering, Tongji University, Shanghai 200092, P. R. China;3.
3. Shanghai Engineering Research Center of Landscape Water Environment, Shanghai 200031, P. R. China
Abstract:
Since the systematic research in the 1950s, the constructed wetland (CW) has attracted increasing attention and has been widely utilized. Based on the previous reports, we summarize the development of CW studies in China, and it is divided into three stages:initial exploration, rapid development and standardized application. In this review, measures of improving the efficiency of nitrogen, phosphorus and emerging pollutants removal, the microbial structure and function in the rhizosphere, and modeling of CW are summarized and discussed. In general, the key studies on CWs are to improve the removal efficiencies of pollutants and explain their mechanisms. In the future, a new design procedure combining theory and practice based on long monitoring data is needed, further exploration on the biological process in CW is necessary; a reasonable modeling would be established to accurately predict the CW process.
Key words:  Constructed wetland  nitrogen and phosphorus removal  emerging pollutants  microorganism  modeling
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