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引用本文:郭佳,晁碧霄,张颖,雷光春,王玉玉.西洞庭湖季节性淹水和植被类型对温室气体排放通量的影响.湖泊科学,2020,32(3):726-734. DOI:10.18307/2020.0312
GUO Jia,CHAO Bixiao,ZHANG Ying,LEI Guangchun,WANG Yuyu.Effects of seasonal flooding and vegetation types on greenhouse gas emission in west Lake Dongting. J. Lake Sci.2020,32(3):726-734. DOI:10.18307/2020.0312
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西洞庭湖季节性淹水和植被类型对温室气体排放通量的影响
郭佳1, 晁碧霄1, 张颖2, 雷光春1, 王玉玉1
1.北京林业大学生态与自然保护学院, 北京 100083;2.中国农业大学资源与环境学院, 北京 100094
摘要:
植被类型及淹水带来的干湿交替过程是影响温室气体排放的重要因素.本文通过原状土柱模拟实验,模拟西洞庭湖水文节律变化对不同土壤-植被系统温室气体排放的影响.利用静态箱-气相色谱法研究不同植被-土壤类型(芦苇湿地、灰化苔草湿地和刚砍伐的杨树林湿地)在季节性淹水条件下的CO2、CH4和N2O的排放通量变化,并探讨了在水位变化的情况下,不同植被-土壤类型对全球增温潜势的贡献.结果表明:在不同的水文条件下,芦苇湿地的CO2排放通量均显著高于苔草和杨树林湿地;淹水过程导致3种植被类型覆盖湿地CO2排放通量显著降低,甲烷排放通量升高,其中芦苇湿地CH4排放通量升高显著,苔草和杨树林湿地CH4排放通量升高不明显;水文变化及植被类型对N2O排放通量的影响不显著;不同植被类型湿地对全球增温潜势的贡献为:芦苇 > 杨树林 > 苔草,分别为16191.3、3405.6和1883.1 kg/hm2.本研究结果表明在西洞庭湖湿地恢复过程中,不再人为增大芦苇湿地面积,将杨树林湿地恢复为苔草湿地,更有利于降低湿地恢复过程中温室气体的排放.
关键词:  温室气体  干湿交替  植被类型  洞庭湖  全球增温潜势
DOI:10.18307/2020.0312
分类号:
基金项目:国家自然科学基金项目(41503077)和国家重点研发计划项目(2017YFC0405303)联合资助.
Effects of seasonal flooding and vegetation types on greenhouse gas emission in west Lake Dongting
GUO Jia1, CHAO Bixiao1, ZHANG Ying2, LEI Guangchun1, WANG Yuyu1
1.School of Ecology Nature Conservation, Beijing Forestry University, Beijing 100083, P. R. China;2.College of Resources and Environmental Sciences, China Agricultural University, Beijing 100094, P. R. China
Abstract:
Seasonal flooding and vegetation types are the main drivers of greenhouse gases fluxes in wetland ecosystems. In this study, undisturbed soil column simulation experiments were carried out to study the effects of hydrological regime on the emission of greenhouse gases from wetlands dominated by different types of vegetation in west Lake Dongting. Three types of vegetation were tested, i.e. Phragmites australis, Carex cinerascens and Populus deltoides. Static opaque chamber/gas chromatography method was used to measure the flux of CO2, CH4 and N2O from wetlands with different vegetation types under the same dry-wet treatment. The results showed that the contributions of wetland to global warming potential were 16191.3, 3405.6 and 1883.1 kg/ha2 for wetlands dominated by P. australis, P. deltoides and C. cinerascens, respectively. Specifically, CO2 flux from P. australis wetland was significantly higher than that from C. cinerascens and P. deltoides wetlands, and flooding resulted in a significant decrease in CO2 emission regardless of vegetation type. Flooding significantly increased methane emission from P. australis wetland but the increase was not significant for C. cinerascens and P. deltoides wetlands. For N2O emission, the effects of both flooding and vegetation types were not significant. The results of this study indicate that the current wetland restoration program in west Lake Dongting, such as curbing the expanding of P. australis and converting P. deltoides wetland to C. cinerascens wetland, could potentially reduce its contribution to global warming.
Key words:  Greenhouse gases  dry and wet alternation  vegetation type  Lake Dongting  global warming potential
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