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引用本文:陈修报,杨健,刘洪波,姜涛.淡水贝类观察——生物阐释水污染和毒理的创新手段.湖泊科学,2021,33(1):11-27. DOI:10.18307/2021.0104
Chen Xiubao,Yang Jian,Liu Hongbo,Jiang Tao.Freshwater Mussel Watch: An innovative approach for interpretations of aquatic pollution and toxicology. J. Lake Sci.2021,33(1):11-27. DOI:10.18307/2021.0104
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淡水贝类观察——生物阐释水污染和毒理的创新手段
陈修报, 杨健, 刘洪波, 姜涛
中国水产科学研究院淡水渔业研究中心, 长江中下游渔业生态环境评价和资源养护重点实验室, 无锡 214081
摘要:
淡水渔业是国民经济重要产业,在产量和产值均取得巨大成就的同时,也面临着严峻的水域生态环境污染形势.与此相适应,自2003年系统性提出以背角无齿蚌(Anodonta woodiana)为专用指示生物的创新性“淡水贝类观察”研究体系(Freshwater Mussel Watch)以来,已经成功地应用于国内外的江河、湖泊和池塘等渔业生态环境无机(特别是重金属)和有机污染物胁迫的监测、评价和预警,以及毒理学、污染物积累动力学和水质净化等方面研究.本文梳理了“淡水贝类观察”在被动监测、主动监测及渔业环境研究用模式动物开发等方面的研究进展,以期为渔业以及水域生态环境污染的有效监测、评价、保护以及阐释污染毒性机制提供有益参考.
关键词:  背角无齿蚌  淡水渔业生态环境  污染监测  模式动物
DOI:10.18307/2021.0104
分类号:
基金项目:中国水产科学研究院淡水渔业研究中心基本科研业务费项目(2019JBFM05)、中国水产科学研究院基本科研业务费项目(2019GH10)、广东省渔业生态环境重点实验室开放基金项目(FEEL-2019-7)和国家自然科学基金项目(311502166,31072214)联合资助.
Freshwater Mussel Watch: An innovative approach for interpretations of aquatic pollution and toxicology
Chen Xiubao, Yang Jian, Liu Hongbo, Jiang Tao
Key Laboratory of Fishery Eco-Environment Assessment and Resource Conservation in Middle and Lower Reaches of the Yangtze River, Freshwater Fisheries Research Center, Chinese Academy of Fishery Sciences, Wuxi 214081, P. R. China
Abstract:
Freshwater fishery plays a critical role in the national economy. With the great achievements having been made in both production and value, its development is severely pressured by the aquatic environmental pollution. Consequently, an innovative approach of “Freshwater Mussel Watch” system was firstly proposed in 2003 using Anodonta woodiana as unique bioindicators for aquatic environments. To date, the approach has been successfully employed to bio-monitor, assess, and early warn various inorganic (especially heavy metals) and organic pollutants in different waters (especially lakes, rivers, and ponds) within China and around the world. Moreover, breakthroughs have been achieved on pollutant toxicology, bioaccumulation kinetics, and water purification by the approach. This paper summarizes the advances to date of “Freshwater Mussel Watch” approach on the studies of passive biomonitoring, active biomonitoring, and the development of model animals for freshwater environments for providing useful references to effectively monitor, assessment and conservation of fisheries and aquatic environment, as well as interpreter the corresponding toxic mechanism.
Key words:  Anodonta woodiana  freshwater fisheries eco-environment  pollution biomonitoring  model animal
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