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引用本文:梅志刚,郝玉江,郑劲松,王志陶,王克雄,王丁.鄱阳湖长江江豚的现状和保护展望.湖泊科学,2021,33(5):1289-1298. DOI:10.18307/2021.0501
Mei Zhigang,Hao Yujiang,Zheng Jinsong,Wang Zhitao,Wang Kexiong,Wang Ding.Population status and conservation outlooks of Yangtze finless porpoise in the Lake Poyang. J. Lake Sci.2021,33(5):1289-1298. DOI:10.18307/2021.0501
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鄱阳湖长江江豚的现状和保护展望
梅志刚1,2, 郝玉江1,2, 郑劲松1,2, 王志陶1,2, 王克雄1,2, 王丁1,2
1.中国科学院水生生物研究所, 中国科学院水生生物多样性与保护重点实验室, 武汉 430072;2.国家水生生物种质资源库, 武汉 430072
摘要:
长江江豚(Neophocaena asiaeorientalis asiaeorientalis)是一种小型齿鲸,仅分布在长江中下游干流和洞庭湖及鄱阳湖中,其种群数量仅约1000头,极度濒危.鄱阳湖是长江江豚最重要的栖息地之一,估算种群数量约450头,是长江江豚最后的避难所.本文系统地总结了鄱阳湖长江江豚种群生态学、保护遗传学和保护生物学的研究进展,着重探讨了各种人类活动对其种群迁移活动的影响,并对鄱阳湖长江江豚种群面临的威胁、保护对策和未来研究方向等进行了总结和展望,以期为今后的保护工作提供借鉴.
关键词:  鄱阳湖  长江江豚  保护生物学  保护对策
DOI:10.18307/2021.0501
分类号:
基金项目:江西省水利科技计划重点项目(201922ZDKT01)资助.
Population status and conservation outlooks of Yangtze finless porpoise in the Lake Poyang
Mei Zhigang1,2, Hao Yujiang1,2, Zheng Jinsong1,2, Wang Zhitao1,2, Wang Kexiong1,2, Wang Ding1,2
1.Key Laboratory of Aquatic Biodiversity and Conservation of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, Institute of Hydrobiology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Wuhan 430072, P. R. China;2.National Aquatic Biological Resource Center, Wuhan 430072, P. R. China
Abstract:
Yangtze finless porpoise (Neophocaena asiaeorientalis asiaeorientalis) is now likely the sole cetacean in the Yangtze River, which is only distributed in the middle and lower reaches of the Yangtze River mainstem, Lake Dongting and Lake Poyang. The population size is only about 1000 and critically endangered. As the most critical habitat of Yangtze finless porpoise, Lake Poyang is the last refuge of Yangtze finless porpoise with an estimated population size of about 450. This paper is a systematic summary of the research progress on the population ecology, conservation genetic and conservation biology of the Yangtze finless porpoise population in the Lake Poyang, with emphasis on the influence of various human activities on its population migration activities, and concluding remarks and outlook on the threats to Yangtze finless porpoise population in Lake Poyang, conservation measures and future research directions, aiming to provide a reference for the related conservation.
Key words:  Lake Poyang  Yangtze finless porpoise  conservation biology  conservation measures
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