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引用本文:杨爱辉,陈马康,谭玉钧.青虾生长规律与群体组成的研究.湖泊科学,1994,6(4):325-332. DOI:10.18307/1994.0405
Yang Aihui,Chen Makang,Tan Yujun.Study on the growth and population compositions of freshwater shrimp (Mocrobraricfiiurn riippomnsfe). J. Lake Sci.1994,6(4):325-332. DOI:10.18307/1994.0405
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青虾生长规律与群体组成的研究
杨爱辉1, 陈马康2, 谭玉钧2
1.水利部太湖流域管理局, 上海200434;2.上海水产大学, 上海200090
摘要:
报道了上海川沙县孙桥河道青虾的生长呈明显的阶段性,如雄虾的第一阶段(1990年6-11月)的生长方程为Lt=3.38[1-e-0.4943(t+0.1674)];第二阶段(1991年2-6月)的生长方程为Lt=6.57/(1+e2.1805-0.2787t;它们的拐点分别为2.07月龄和11.97月龄。渔获群体分析结果表明,月龄为0-15月,体长范围为1.30-6.58cm,体重范围为0.060-13.39g;一年出现两个群体,其中夏季群体生活期从当年7月至翌年10月,数量大,占群体数量80%以上;秋季群体生活期从当年9月至翌年12月,约占群体数量20%左右。群体中一般雄虾数量多于雌虾数量,月性比(♀/♂)在0.61-1.35之间变动。
关键词:  青虾  生长  月龄  群体组成
DOI:10.18307/1994.0405
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Study on the growth and population compositions of freshwater shrimp (Mocrobraricfiiurn riippomnsfe)
Yang Aihui1, Chen Makang2, Tan Yujun2
1.Taihe Lake Basin Authority, Minitry of Water Comservancy, Shanghai 200434;2.Shanghai Fisheries University, Shanghai 200090
Abstract:
The growth and population compositions of freshwater shrimp (Macrobranchturn nipponensis) were studied in Sunqiao channels, Chuansha County, Shanghai Municipality.The growth period is devided into two evident stages.As an example of the increase of the length (Lt) of male shrimp, the growth equation is Lt=3.38[1-e0.4948(l+0.1674)] (r=0.941) for the former stage and the infection point is at t=2.07 month age.For the latter stage, the growth is fitted to Logistic curve, with the equation of Lt=6.573/(1+e2.1805-0.27871) (r=0.970) and the infection point at t=11.07 month age.After analysing the catching population, we found that the month age ranges from 0 to 15, the range of the length and body weight is 1.30-6.58cm and 0.060-13.Og, respectively.There are two kinds of population in a year, namely the summer population which is from July to the next October, the autumn one from September to the next December.The population of the male shrimps is greater than that of the female shrimps.the monthly sex ratio(♀/♂) ranges from 0.61 to 1.35.
Key words:  Freshwater shrimp (Macrobranchturn nipponensis)  growth  population composition  month age
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